Oran — One of the most important academic activities of 2015 in Algeria, the Algerian-Japanese cooperation programme "Sahara Solar Breeder" (SSB), dedicated to the development of solar technologies, is considered by some researchers as an "innovative and clean solution" to the energy and environmental concerns of the planet.
Fruit of the high-quality Algerian-Japanese cooperation, the "Sahara Solar Breeder" programme, which design phase was completed in 2015, after five years of work, has been culminated by the development an ingenious and clean solution based on the treatment of Sahara sand.
The SSB is the "most ambitious among all the international programmes, since it can provide 50% of energy needed by the planet," stressed Pr. Amine Boudghene Stambouli, the scientific and technical manager of this cooperation programme.
The "SSB responds better to the planet's needs by integrating the production of solar panels and the localisation of electric plants in areas where energy is much available," explains this teacher and researcher at Mohamed Boudiaf University of Sciences and Technology in Oran (USTO-MB).
Over 300 conferences and thirty publications in international scientific journals have highlighted the SSB's significant interest, which comes in a global context characterized by high energy consumption and increased emissions of greenhouse gases. This issue has been broached during the World Conference on Climate Change (COP21) held from 30 November to 11 December in Paris.
"The international community is facing the need to develop renewable energies as alternative sources to fossil, non-polluting and inexhaustible energies and which will gradually become the solution to the issues of environment and sustainable development," said Pr. Stambouli.
So, the Algerian initiative includes the creation of a National Fund for Renewable Energies (2010) and the working out of National Programme for Development of Renewable Energies with the aim of reaching the country's energy sacurity by 2030, while preserving the environment since 40% of electric production is expected to be from solar and wind origin.
The SSB, which fits perfectly into the national goals, confirmed the feasibility of a large-scale project on electric production in the Sahara desert, with a view to conveying it to the north of the country, superconducting cables.
The target is to use the world's largest desert, the Sahara, as a source of energy.
In fact, deserts receive sunshine over large areas and their sand contains much silica, the raw material for the manufacturing of silicon, part of the solar panels.
The project is therefore based on building silicon plans and solar plants to produce energy, which will be used to manufacturing more silicon and then creating more plants in a process called "breeding."
In the future, these plants could supply other countries with energy, through superconducting cables.
The SSB was approved in August 2010 by the signing of an agreement between the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, USTO-MB, and two Japanese agencies dedicated to international cooperation (JICA) and science and technology (JSTA).